Sport improves physical and mental health, allowing an adequate development of the individual. Watching sports on television and betting on your favourite team can be a way to entertain yourself at home, but it does not contribute to improving health levels on a physical level. The ideal is to play sports or do some kind of activity every day to achieve well-being and counteract the predisposition to suffer from Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs). Distinguish between physical activity, sport or exercise, to know how it will impact the quality of life of those who perform it.
Why perform physical activity daily?Physical activity prevents Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.
Physical activity is any kind of movement that involves skeletal muscles and requires an expenditure of energy. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that physical inactivity is the fourth most important risk factor for mortality, accounting for 6e deaths globally. The WHO also estimates that the main factor in cancers, diabetes and heart disease is physical inactivity. However, a distinction must be made between physical activity and exercise, as the latter involves a variety of the former, carried out in a structured, repetitive and planned manner in order to meet a given objective, related to improving or maintaining the components of physical fitness. Physical activity also includes exercise and other activities that involve body movement.
It can be part of different moments of leisure, work, transportation and even housework.
Consequences ofphysical activityPhysical activity is essential to maintain health levels at all stages of life. Doing physical activity regularly and at appropriate levels has the following consequences for adult individuals:
- minimizes the risk of noncommunicable diseases, such as heart disease, hypertension, depression, diabetes, falls and cancer;
- benefits the body's bone health,
- contributes directly to energy expenditure, facilitating body weight control.
For adults, in the 18-64 age group, physical activity consists of purely recreational activities, travel, household chores, scheduled exercises and also some sport. Increasing the levels of physical activity performed contributes to social well-being and not only to individual well-being, because it improves human relations and consequently improves the culture of each society.